Hyponatremia is a life-threatening condition that produces other effects that reach the cellular level in the body. In administering hyponatremia, treatment is important to consider the neurological effects of hyponatremia. There are several ways to treat this condition and prevent further damage. That’s why this requires regular doctor visits and medical care.
The first treatment of hyponatremia, used in the hospital, is to correct the underlying cause of hyponatremia. If the cause is not eliminated, a correction of the sodium level in the body is useless, because sodium is still excreted from the body faster than its rate of administration. Hyponatremia is usually caused by liver cirrhosis, chronic renal failure, and heart failure.
Another treatment for hyponatremia is the introduction of intravenous fluids to correct fluid status and increase the amount of sodium in the body. Depending on the degree of hyponatremia, the injected fluids may be isotonic or hypertonic medicines. The amount and rate of sodium attributed to the patient depending on the nature of the hyponatremia. Care should be taken to correct the sodium correction as there is a risk of brain eruption. Brain cells are usually swollen due to cellular edema due to a hypotonic environment. A rapid dose of excess sodium causes a rapid reduction in brain tissue, which reduces the size and pressure of the brain. This is a life-threatening condition because the respiratory center is in the brain.
The vasopressin antagonist arginine is also used to treat hyponatremia. Helps regulate sodium levels by attacking the renal tubules. Sodium is stored, and water is excreted in the urine. It is given intravenously and is commonly used to treat hyponatremia in patients with normal or excessive body water but with low sodium levels. If you suffer from heart failure, liver or kidney disease, the doctor should be informed as the medicine is not available under the specified conditions.
It is important that you receive hyponatremia treatment along with some dietary changes recommended by your doctor to correct the level of hydration and sodium. Watch for signs and symptoms of hyponatremia if you have SIADH, chronic kidney disease, liver disease, cardiac arrest, or taking medications that may affect your sodium levels. Immediate treatment is necessary to avoid complications of hyponatremia.