Are you experiencing a cloudy vision? If you have a cataract, you will probably encounter this symptom. A cataract surgery procedure is necessary to address this vision-related problem. The process may depend on the type of surgery you will be having. However, most of their differences are the size of the incision needed to do. Melbourne’s trusted cataract surgeons can help you decide the best procedure for you.
What Is Cataract Surgery?
A cataract surgical procedure is an eye surgery that aims to treat cataracts. If you have cataracts, you could have a clouding formation in the lens of your eyes. These eye problems are because of the clumping of proteins. Thus, your vision could deteriorate over time.
Your eye lens is behind your pupils and iris and helps you to emphasize objects of changing distances away from you. Most kinds of cataract surgery procedures include swapping the cloudy lens using an artificial transplant.
Cataracts are the world’s leading cause of blindness. Be sure to get a regular eye check-up to improve your health awareness of this condition.
Signs and Symptoms of Cataract
As you get older, your chances of developing cataracts are increasing. This condition tends to deteriorate over the long run gradually.
Early phases of lens variations do not create critical visual impairment and do not require surgical procedures. Generally, a doctor will suggest surgery once your cataracts start noticeably influencing your eyesight. Experiencing difficulty with daily activities, like reading, driving, or seeing in bright light, indicates that you may require cataract surgery.
Some approaches to cataracts that may hinder your vision include:
- blurry vision
- colors seeming blurred
- halos around lights
- impaired night vision
- double vision
- sensitivity to glare and bright lights
Like other common eye problems, cataracts can also be inborn, which means they exist at birth. Congenital cataracts are one of the primary sources of childhood blindness. In any case, this condition tends to have a better result if the doctor will perform the cataract surgery before a child is six weeks old.
Types of Cataract Surgery Procedure
Most recent forms of cataract eye surgery include replacing your lens with a transplant known as an intraocular lens (IOL). The most popular cataract surgery methods include:
During this eye surgery, surgeons will create a 2- to 3-millimeter-long cut toward the front of your eye for an ultrasonic test. The examination disperses the cataract with vibration and eliminates the remains with suction. Then, they will insert a foldable lens through the incision.
This procedure leaves behind a minor injury that does not typically require stitches to mend.
Manual Extracapsular Cataract Surgery (MECS)
In this procedure, a surgeon creates a generally huge cut of 9 to 13 millimeters in length, and eliminates your lens, and inserts the artificial lens.
This eye surgery has a greater danger of complications than phacoemulsification because of the more significant entry point. Nevertheless, due to the low charge, it is still performed in several areas of the world.
Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS)
This technique is a variety of the MECS procedure. It includes a more modest V-shaped cut that is smaller outwardly of your eye and more extensive within. The outside opening is between 6.5 mm to 7 mm, and the inner entry point is up to 11 mm.
The research found that MSICS and phacoemulsification have comparable long-term results and similar complication risks. In any case, phacoemulsification may have better transient outcomes in the three months following the procedure, while MSIC is less expensive to avail.
Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS)
FLACS uses a laser to create a cut in your eye rather than a manual incision. The laser can also separate and dissolve the cataract, needing less phacoemulsification energy to get rid of it. This strategy can promote quick healing.
Moreover, the laser can generate a definite incision, which can address other eye problems like astigmatism. This eye condition happens when the front of the eye has an uneven shape that frequently results in blurry vision. The procedure can make it more possible that you can perform without glasses. Notwithstanding, this method is more costly than other procedures.
Intracapsular Cataract Surgery
The intracapsular procedure is an older technique that includes eliminating the whole lens and lens capsule from the eye through a huge cut. Nowadays, doctors and surgeons rarely perform this treatment since it has a high risk of complications.
Preparation for Cataract Surgery Procedure
An eye specialist will probably give you an ultrasound and get measurements about a week before your surgery. This will benefit them to know the shape and size of your eye and choose what is suitable for your treatment.
They will also inquire if you are taking any prescriptions. They may give you medicated eye drops to start utilizing before the procedure.
Usually, cataract surgery is performed at an outpatient hospital or surgery center, so you will not require to stay overnight. However, it would be best to have someone drive you home once the surgery is complete.
Your doctor may instruct you not to consume any solid food six hours before your treatment. It would help if you also abstained from drinking alcohol at least 24 hours beforehand.
What Happens During Cataract Surgery?
The doctor or surgeon will remove the cloudy lens within your eye and replace it with an intraocular lens (IOL). The new lens helps reinstate the clear vision you had before cataracts occurred.
During any cataract surgery, safety precautions are taken to guarantee that you are relaxed and pain-free. At times, patients can encounter a slight sensation of heaviness, but this is not excruciating.
The fundamental steps in a usual modern cataract procedure include:
- Cutting the edge of the cornea.
- A laser or high-frequency ultrasound device to carefully separate the cloudy lens into tiny pieces.
- Gently removing of lens fragment from the eye with a suction
- Inserting the artificial lens safely behind the iris and pupil in a similar area your natural lens occupied after eliminating all of the fragments.
- No need for stitches since it heals on its own
- Wearing a protective eye shield to protect the eye during the early phases of recovery
- In case both of your eyes need cataract surgery, your surgeon will usually wait for one to three weeks between strategies to allow the first eye an opportunity to recover.
Healing Process After Cataract Surgery
A cataract is one of the common eye problems that need a surgical procedure. Once you are in the recovery period, you may encounter some eye soreness and blurred vision during the first few days or even weeks after the surgery.
During at least the initial week of your healing process, you need to stay away from:
- Bending, exercising, and tasks that can pressure the eye
- Vigorous activity and any lifting of more than 25 pounds.
- Swimming or staying in hot tubs for at least two weeks
- Letting your eyes exposed to water can result in an infection. In this case, you will keep your eyes closed while bathing or showering.
- Any task and movement that would place your recovering eye to dust, grime, or contamination causing toxins.
Most individuals need glasses after cataract surgery. Your surgeon will tell you when your eyes have sufficiently recovered for you to have a final prescription for eyeglasses. This phase is frequently between one and three months following the procedure.
Remember to follow the instructions given by your doctor to promote eye health awareness during your healing process and even after your eyes are completely healed. Eye health awareness also includes the improvement of your condition and the prevention of other possible complications. In any case, your doctor may give you additional guidelines, depending on your particular needs and the form of surgical procedure performed.