For crooked teeth and misplaced jaw bones, dental braces are used to rectify the anomaly. The process is almost 100% efficient but not without side-effects. The most common side-effects witnessed are swollen gums and gum irritation. The side-effects usually show up immediately after the placement or adjustment of braces. Swollen gums for a prolonged period can be the symptoms of further complications such as sedimentation of plaque. That leads us to a question, does orthodontic treatment hurt the gums? The remedy for such cases is implemented based on the cause of swollen gums thus requires the supervision of a dentist.

The use of braces leaves minimal open space on the teeth thus complicating the process of plaque removal. Plaque is responsible for tooth decay and gum infections. The first step towards cleanup involves brushing the teeth with a soft toothbrush. Flossing is difficult with braces on but the person should attempt the get to the gaps between teeth. In case flossing becomes impossible, one can use interdental brushes which are small in size and capable of reaching through the braces for efficient cleaning. The cleanup is followed by a thorough mouth rinsing using an antimicrobial liquid.

Swollen gums do hurt but can be dealt with using specific techniques. Drinking cold water or a simple ice pack placed on the cheek and around the mouth can soothe the pain temporarily. For severe pain, anesthetics are prescribed for application on the gums. The tightening process is painful and can aggravate the problem of swollen gums, which requires the intake of over-the-counter pain relievers like Ibuprofen, etc. for fast relief. Gum irritation can lead to tissue overgrowth. One should not be consuming crunchy or hard-to-bite food for preventing easy bleeding and gum injury.

With braces on, the teeth should be cleaned at least twice a day using clinically approved, and doctor recommended toothpaste, this helps reduce irritation in gums. It is advisable to seek advice from the doctor regarding the best treatment for your case.